Gum Disease and Its Treatment

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Our office treats many patients who have gum disease. Often, these patients did not know that they had the condition. This is because, in the beginning, the symptoms are subtle and can be passed off as a different issue.

Gum disease, also called periodontal disease, presents itself in patients first with red and swollen gums. Often, patients with red and puffy gums have bleeding of the gum tissue around the teeth. This usually happens during brushing or flossing and many times it is mistaken for a by-product of excessive tooth brushing. Other early symptoms include loose teeth, a change in your bite pattern, or persistent bad breath.

The causes of gum disease are bacteria and plaque. When plaque has a chance to accumulate on your tooth’s surface, it eventually forms tarter which causes your gums to become inflamed. If this disorder is untreated, bacteria in the plaque will collect in pockets under the gum line, and infections can occur. The infections cause tooth loss because the bone supporting the tooth becomes weak because of the disease.

There are two kinds of remedies for gum disease, non-surgical and surgical. The treatment our periodontist in Van Nuys suggests for you will hinge on the progression of your gum disease as well as your general health.

NON-SURGICAL TREATMENTS- These treatments are most effective when used in the earliest stages of gum disease.

• Dental cleaning- While this is not a treatment for gum disease, it is the most effective way to prevent gum disease. A professional cleaning is a method to clear away plaque and tarter before you experience gum disease.

• Scaling and root planning- When you have scaling or root planning, you need a local anesthetic. During this treatment, our dentist will remove plaque and tartar above and below the gum line. Cleaning allows the root to reattach to a healthy surface.

SURGICAL TREATMENTS- These remedies vary in intricacy, but they are the best ways to eliminate more advanced cases of gum disease.

• Flap surgery- For this treatment, our dentist loosens and pulls back the gum, cleans all surfaces under it, and reattaches the gum.

• Bone grafts- Pieces of your healthy jaw bone are used to promote the regrowth of bone lost or damaged by gum disease.

• Bone surgery- This procedure frequently takes place after flap surgery. Our dentist redesigns the bone to remove any low points where bacteria propagate.

If you notice any indications of gum disease, call our office and make an appointment. When spotted in the initial stages, gum disease is treatable with minimal intervention.

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