Periodontal Treatments

Young love couple smiling. Over white background  .

Gum disease has two stages – moderate and severe, otherwise known as gingivitis and periodontitis. While gingivitis can be reversed with rigorous daily oral care, periodontitis is a serious condition. It can cause bleeding, tender, and bleeding gum tissue, as well as heart conditions, stroke, and diabetes. Fortunately, our Houston dentist can perform several treatments and procedures to eliminate periodontitis and reverse its effects.

The first method used to combat severe gum disease, other than increased at home care, is a deep cleaning. A deep cleaning is also called a scaling and root planing, or SRP. It involves removing built up plaque just above and just below the gum line.

If a scaling and root planing is not successful, a few different surgical methods can be used. Gum flap surgery is a more invasive way to remove plaque. Our expert in periodontics will make an incision in order to remove plaque from the tooth root surfaces. They can also use this time to mend the bone if the disease has led to jaw bone loss. A gum grafting can also be performed to replace lost gum tissue.

Our dentist will work with you in order to plan your gum disease treatment.

What Does a Periodontist Do?

Dental assistant smiling at camera

Despite the fact that our teeth and surrounding elements are so strong, a lot can go wrong in the mouth. Teeth can become infected or damaged, our jaws can begin to hurt, and our bites can be off. Fortunately, there are many different types of dentists that specialize in the different components of oral health. Periodontists, for example, are experts in preventing, diagnosing, and treating gum disease.

Patients who visit our San Francisco periodontist will have their gum checked thoroughly. We examine for gumline recession, loose teeth, and any bite issues. The periodontal pockets are located in between the teeth and gums, and a probing instrument can check these areas for inflammation. X-rays may also be necessary in order to inspect the bone below the gums.

There are more than three million cases of periodontal disease reported per year. You may be suffering from periodontitis if your gums are swollen, uncharacteristically red, receding, or bleeding. Other symptoms include bad breath, toothaches, or loose teeth. There are several methods employed to treat the disease, beginning with scaling a root planning or a root surface debridement.

Periodontists are also experts in the placement of dental implants, further ensuring your continued oral health.

Treatment Options for Gum Disease

woman beauty

Gum disease is the result of plaque and tartar that have been allowed to accumulate and cause decay. There are stages of gum disease, and the earlier it is caught and treated, the better your chances of avoiding serious health concerns.

The first stage of gum disease is called gingivitis. It is characterized by red, swollen gums that tend to bleed easily during regular brushing and flossing. At this point, gum disease is highly treatable and reversible. In some cases, better oral hygiene practices at home, along with more frequent professional dental cleanings can effectively treat gingivitis. For others, scaling and root planing may be necessary. Scaling involves our West Hollywood dentist scraping all the plaque and tartar away from above and below the gumline. Root planing involves the dentist removing the rough bacterial deposits that form at the root of each tooth.

Periodontitis is the next stage of gum disease, and it is characterized by deep periodontal pockets, bleeding gums, and loose teeth. Sometimes scaling and root planing is able to treat periodontitis, but surgery is often necessary. Flap surgery is when our gum treatment dentist in West Hollywood surgically lifts back the gums to remove the plaque and tartar. If there are any bone irregularities, they are smoothed out. In other cases, bone or gum graft surgery is required to restore the tissue loss that occurs during this stage of gum disease.

What Does Gum Pain Mean?

If you are currently experiencing gum pain, then you are probably wondering what the cause of it can be. Gum pain usually signifies a greater issue, such as gingivitis or periodontitis, but it can also be caused by other factors. We will take a look at a few of them below.

Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums. This inflammation is primarily caused by poor oral hygiene. When you eat, plaque is created by the interaction of bacteria with sugars and starches contained in the food. The most effective way to remove this plaque is to be diligent about brushing your teeth at least twice a day. If plaque is not removed, it becomes tartar, and tartar can no longer be removed by brushing alone. Tartar that develops below the gumline can then cause infection and inflammation. Periodontitis is the result of untreated gingivitis. If allowed to progress to this point, a visit to our expert in periodontics will be necessary.

It is possible for hormone changes that occur during pregnancy can also cause gum pain. This is because your gums may be more sensitive in general during this time. Another common occurrence of gum pain is a canker sore. A canker sore will usually go away on its own, but may provide some discomfort.

If you are experiencing gum pain, it is best to contact our expert in treatment of gum pain in Los Angeles to set up an appointment.

Treatment Options for Gingivitis

Portriat of a healthy, happy senior couple in love.

Gingivitis is a chronic inflammation and infection of the periodontal tissues, which support and surround the teeth. Most commonly, gingivitis is due to poor dental hygiene. Yet, it is also linked to poor nutrition, smoking, certain medications, certain health problems, hormone changes or genetic susceptibility. If you have gingivitis, our Los Angeles periodontist will likely recommend prompt treatment, because the disease can progress to periodontal disease. Periodontal disease is associated with the destruction of periodontal tissues, as well as bone, tooth and gum loss.

If you have gingivitis, your treatments may include:

  • Professional cleaning
  • Risk factor evaluation
  • A review of your at-home dental hygiene routine
  • A deep cleaning

Gingivitis that is not properly diagnosed and treated can worsen and cause serious dental problems. Call us today to find out more or to schedule an appointment with our expert in gingivitis treatment in Los Angeles.