Gum Disease and Its Treatment

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Our office treats many patients who have gum disease. Often, these patients did not know that they had the condition. This is because, in the beginning, the symptoms are subtle and can be passed off as a different issue.

Gum disease, also called periodontal disease, presents itself in patients first with red and swollen gums. Often, patients with red and puffy gums have bleeding of the gum tissue around the teeth. This usually happens during brushing or flossing and many times it is mistaken for a by-product of excessive tooth brushing. Other early symptoms include loose teeth, a change in your bite pattern, or persistent bad breath.

The causes of gum disease are bacteria and plaque. When plaque has a chance to accumulate on your tooth’s surface, it eventually forms tarter which causes your gums to become inflamed. If this disorder is untreated, bacteria in the plaque will collect in pockets under the gum line, and infections can occur. The infections cause tooth loss because the bone supporting the tooth becomes weak because of the disease.

There are two kinds of remedies for gum disease, non-surgical and surgical. The treatment our periodontist in Van Nuys suggests for you will hinge on the progression of your gum disease as well as your general health.

NON-SURGICAL TREATMENTS- These treatments are most effective when used in the earliest stages of gum disease.

• Dental cleaning- While this is not a treatment for gum disease, it is the most effective way to prevent gum disease. A professional cleaning is a method to clear away plaque and tarter before you experience gum disease.

• Scaling and root planning- When you have scaling or root planning, you need a local anesthetic. During this treatment, our dentist will remove plaque and tartar above and below the gum line. Cleaning allows the root to reattach to a healthy surface.

SURGICAL TREATMENTS- These remedies vary in intricacy, but they are the best ways to eliminate more advanced cases of gum disease.

• Flap surgery- For this treatment, our dentist loosens and pulls back the gum, cleans all surfaces under it, and reattaches the gum.

• Bone grafts- Pieces of your healthy jaw bone are used to promote the regrowth of bone lost or damaged by gum disease.

• Bone surgery- This procedure frequently takes place after flap surgery. Our dentist redesigns the bone to remove any low points where bacteria propagate.

If you notice any indications of gum disease, call our office and make an appointment. When spotted in the initial stages, gum disease is treatable with minimal intervention.

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Periodontal Treatments

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Gum disease has two stages – moderate and severe, otherwise known as gingivitis and periodontitis. While gingivitis can be reversed with rigorous daily oral care, periodontitis is a serious condition. It can cause bleeding, tender, and bleeding gum tissue, as well as heart conditions, stroke, and diabetes. Fortunately, our Houston dentist can perform several treatments and procedures to eliminate periodontitis and reverse its effects.

The first method used to combat severe gum disease, other than increased at home care, is a deep cleaning. A deep cleaning is also called a scaling and root planing, or SRP. It involves removing built up plaque just above and just below the gum line.

If a scaling and root planing is not successful, a few different surgical methods can be used. Gum flap surgery is a more invasive way to remove plaque. Our expert in periodontics will make an incision in order to remove plaque from the tooth root surfaces. They can also use this time to mend the bone if the disease has led to jaw bone loss. A gum grafting can also be performed to replace lost gum tissue.

Our dentist will work with you in order to plan your gum disease treatment.

Different Periodontal Treatments

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Gum health and tooth health are inextricably linked. Poor gum health can lead to tooth loss, so if you have gums that are inflamed, swollen, or bleeding, taking action now could ultimately save your smile. Our cosmetic dentist in North Hollywood offers a variety of periodontal treatments that can preserve, improve, and restore your gum health.

1. Scaling and root planing
Also known as SRP, this is a deep cleaning procedure that focuses on cleaning all buildup from your teeth so that your gums can heal without the interference of bacterial toxins. By removing plaque and tartar both above and below the gumline, we can create a healthier oral environment. For many people, SRP and improved dental hygiene are all that are needed to address early stages of periodontitis.

2. Pocket reduction surgery
As gum disease progresses, gum tissues become loose, forming pockets around the teeth. These pockets allow even more plaque to accumulate, and over time, the infection can drive deep into the oral cavity. Pocket reduction surgery is typically performed in conjunction with deep cleaning procedures and is designed to reduce the size and depths of periodontal pockets.

3. Gum grafts
Gum tissue can be destroyed by periodontal disease. Gum grafts can help restore lost tissue and regenerate healthy new tissue.

Call our office today to learn more about available periodontal treatments in North Hollywood or to schedule an appointment with our team.

What Does a Periodontist Do?

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Despite the fact that our teeth and surrounding elements are so strong, a lot can go wrong in the mouth. Teeth can become infected or damaged, our jaws can begin to hurt, and our bites can be off. Fortunately, there are many different types of dentists that specialize in the different components of oral health. Periodontists, for example, are experts in preventing, diagnosing, and treating gum disease.

Patients who visit our San Francisco periodontist will have their gum checked thoroughly. We examine for gumline recession, loose teeth, and any bite issues. The periodontal pockets are located in between the teeth and gums, and a probing instrument can check these areas for inflammation. X-rays may also be necessary in order to inspect the bone below the gums.

There are more than three million cases of periodontal disease reported per year. You may be suffering from periodontitis if your gums are swollen, uncharacteristically red, receding, or bleeding. Other symptoms include bad breath, toothaches, or loose teeth. There are several methods employed to treat the disease, beginning with scaling a root planning or a root surface debridement.

Periodontists are also experts in the placement of dental implants, further ensuring your continued oral health.

Periodontal Treatment Options

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Our dentist offers several periodontal treatments, ensuring that a solution is available at any stage of gum disease. While very early periodontitis may respond to improved oral hygiene, advanced cases sometimes call for surgery. Here are our respective treatments for mild, moderate, and severe gum disease.

Deep Cleaning

Also known as scaling and root planing, this treatment involves using special tools to clear bacteria out of the periodontal pockets, which develop in the gums by the tooth roots. Deep cleaning may be recommended when gingivitis is too severe for routine cleaning to be a sufficient solution.

Gum Flap Surgery

This procedure is also used to remove plaque and bacteria from the tooth roots. Unlike deep cleaning, however, this procedure uses incisions to reach areas that are otherwise inaccessible.

Tissue Grafting

For patients whose gum disease has damaged their oral soft tissues and bone, our dentist in East Los Angeles may recommend tissue grafting. Instead of treating the periodontitis directly, this procedure aids recovery by spurring regrowth of the tissues that support the teeth.

The options listed here can help stop and reverse gum disease, a condition that can cause tooth loss, as well as other serious complications in the mouth and throughout the body. At a consultation with our expert in periodontal treatments in East Los Angeles, you can have your gum health assessed and learn more about these procedures.

Treatment Options for Gum Disease

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Gum disease is the result of plaque and tartar that have been allowed to accumulate and cause decay. There are stages of gum disease, and the earlier it is caught and treated, the better your chances of avoiding serious health concerns.

The first stage of gum disease is called gingivitis. It is characterized by red, swollen gums that tend to bleed easily during regular brushing and flossing. At this point, gum disease is highly treatable and reversible. In some cases, better oral hygiene practices at home, along with more frequent professional dental cleanings can effectively treat gingivitis. For others, scaling and root planing may be necessary. Scaling involves our West Hollywood dentist scraping all the plaque and tartar away from above and below the gumline. Root planing involves the dentist removing the rough bacterial deposits that form at the root of each tooth.

Periodontitis is the next stage of gum disease, and it is characterized by deep periodontal pockets, bleeding gums, and loose teeth. Sometimes scaling and root planing is able to treat periodontitis, but surgery is often necessary. Flap surgery is when our gum treatment dentist in West Hollywood surgically lifts back the gums to remove the plaque and tartar. If there are any bone irregularities, they are smoothed out. In other cases, bone or gum graft surgery is required to restore the tissue loss that occurs during this stage of gum disease.

What Does a Periodontal Surgeon Do?

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A periodontal surgeon is a surgeon that specializes in performing surgeries on the gums. Gum disease is typically the main reason for needing the services of a periodontal surgeon.

When gum disease has reached the periodontitis stage, it is common for the patient to have developed rather deep periodontal pockets. Usually pockets that are deeper than 5mm are considered to be particularly problematic. These periodontal pockets are the perfect safe haven for plaque and tartar to proliferate and cause damage to the bone and surrounding tissue, sometimes resulting in tooth loss. Pocket reduction surgery is one such example of a surgery that a periodontal surgeon would perform. During this surgery, the gums are surgically lifted back and the tartar is removed. Any irregular surfaces on the bone are also smoothed out. When the surgery is finished, the gums are closed back up so that they once again fit snugly against the tooth. For gums that have receded, another common procedure that our periodontist in Los Angeles would perform is a gum graft surgery. A periodontal surgeon may also perform a bone graft or a guided tissue regeneration surgery in order to promote better periodontal health.

If you are suffering from particularly bad gum disease, it is recommended that you contact our periodontal surgeon in Los Angeles to schedule a consultation.